Egzote- drvo, Beleške’ predlog Fitofarmacija u šumarstvu. Sveučilište Drvo odlucivanja-Vezbe-Vestacka inteligencija i ekspertni sistemi-Info. Teorija odlučivanja | Mathematics in Engineering | Faculty of Technical Sciences | FTN. multikriterijskog odlučivanja. Analizirana je . Metoda multikriterijskog odlučivanja. The method of . Slika 2. Drvo odlučivanja pri multikriterijskom odlučivanju.
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Typically some 30 per cent energy saving can be attained. Key measures for traffic management aim at changing the modal split of public and long-range transport especially in sensitive areas like cities or the Alps by transferring transport from road to rail through tactical, structural, financial and restrictive elements and also by optimizing the logistics of the delivery systems. Due to the classification as waste, a simple disposal is not possible, however recycling options exist.
The road vehicles considered in this annex are passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, motor cycles, mopeds and heavy-duty vehicles. In matters odlucivanjw their competence, such regional economic integration organizations shall, on their own behalf, exercise the rights and fulfil the responsibilities which the present Protocol attributes to their member States. Current petrolfuelled vehicles odlucivajna up to two thirds of total national road NOx emissions.
Potrebno je osigurati kontrolu kvalitete mjerenja. The purpose of this annex is to provide guidance to the Parties to the Convention in identifying NOx control options and techniques in the implementation of their obligations under the Protocol.
Surveillance programmes are needed odlucjvanja enforce this requirement. They are widely implemented in the power plant sector and in some areas of the industrial sector: By a total of aboutMW was installed. They will also be beneficial for other harmful effects of traffic expansion such as noise, congestion, etc. Kalifornijska vozila niske emisije napredna opcija E. Amendments to the Technical Annex shall be adopted by consensus of the Parties present at a meeting of the Executive Body and shall become effective thirty days after the date on which they have been communicated in accordance with paragraph 5 below.
FBC is a combustion technology for burning hard coal and brown coal but it can also burn other solid fuels such as petroleum coke and low-grade fuels such as waste, peat and wood. It cannot, however, be considered as an exhaustive statement of control options; its aim is to provide guidance to Parties in identifying best available technologies which are economically feasible as a basis for national emission standards and in the introduction of oducivanja control measures.
The instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who will perform the functions of depositary. Premda su stvarne emisije NOx iz motocikala i mopeda vrlo male npr.
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The management of urban and long-distance traffic, though not elaborated in this annex, is important as an efficient additional approach to reducing emissions including NOx. The Parties shall, no later than six months after the date of entry into force of the present Protocol, commence consideration of procedures to create more favourable conditions for the exchange of technology to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides.
Combined cycle gas power stations odlufivanja advanced gas turbines with an energy efficiency of 48 per cent per cent and with reduced NOx emissions are currently being planned. The collection of data for further use is a state-of-the-art technique. Recognizing that scientific and technical knowledge of these matters is developing and that it will be necessary to take such developments into account when reviewing the operation of this Protocol and deciding on further action.
Стабло одлучивања — Википедија, слободна енциклопедија
Recalling that the Executive Body for the Convention recognized at its second session the need to reduce effectively the total annual emissions of nitrogen oxides from stationary and mobile sources or their dvro fluxes byand the need on the part of other States that had already made progress in reducing these emissions to maintain and review their emission standards for nitrogen oxides.
For the ECE region, combustion processes categories ab oxlucivanja, caccount for 85 per cent of NOx emissions from stationary sources.
Improved monitoring of emission control performance can be achieved by on-board diagnostic systems OBD which monitor the functioning of emission control components, store fault codes for further interrogation and call the attention of the driver to ensure the repair in case of malfunction. The emission levels due to the application of these techniques are summarized in table 1 based mainly on experience in power plants.
Commercial, institutional and residental combustion plants. The inspection and maintenance programme has an important secondary function. Motor s direktnim ubrizgavanjem i turbokomprimiranjem. In addition, emissions can be reduced by integrated combustion control in the system.
They are the following: Furthermore, the Parties shall in particular, and no later than two years after the date of entry into force of the present Protocol: The latest generation of LNBs combines both air-staging and fuel-staging.
The IGCC process incorporates coal gasification and combined cycle power generation, in a gas and steam turbine. Increasing the application of cracking technology in refineries, however, also brings about a reduction in the nitrogen content of the end-product.
Conscious that the adverse environmental effects of emissions of nitrogen oxides vary among countries. The use of after-treatment technologies in diesel engines like oxidation catalysts or particulate traps requires the use of low-sulphur fuels maximum 0. Obrada i odlaganje otpada. Preinake izgaranja stalno se razvijaju i optimaliziraju.
Amendments shall enter into force for any Party which has accepted them after two-thirds of the Parties have deposited their instruments of acceptance of the amendment, on the ninetieth day after the date on which that Party deposited its instrument of acceptance of the amendments.
In cement kilns or glass melting furnaces, for example, certain high temperatures are necessary to ensure the product quality. In response to regulatory programmes for further NOx emission reductions e. Reformulated diesel fuel and fuel containing post-combustion NOx reducing additives may also have a role in a strategy to combat diesel vehicle NOx.
For each State and organization referred to in article 13, paragraph 1, which ratifies, accepts or approves the present Protocol or accedes thereto after the deposit of the sixteenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession, the Protocol shall enter into force on the ninetieth day following the date of deposit by such Party of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession.
Kod nekih primjena postignuti su suprotni efekti npr. This should be taken into account when comparing data from different Parties.
Such information shall, as far as possible, be submitted in accordance with a uniform reporting framework. Razina emisije u tablici 2.
Pored toga, odlucivanjw obratiti pozornost i na industrijske izvore. To achieve the most efficient NOx reduction programme, beyond the measures listed in aa combination of technical options identified in b should be considered. Concerned that present emissions of air pollutants are causing damage, in exposed parts of Europe and North America, to natural resources of vital environmental and economic importance. In many ECE countries, some coal or oil combustion plants are being replaced by gas-fired combustion plants.